Project management is basically the act of defining and achieving targets while trying to optimize the use of resources on the project (time, money, people, materials, energy, space, etc). Project management is quite often the province and responsibility of an individual project manager. This individual seldom participates directly in the activities that his or her team are working on, but rather strives to keep the moral of the group up, and oversee the various tasks that the group are working on.
In comparison to on-going, functional work, a project is only a temporary task that is undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result. Projects are temporary because they have a definite beginning and a definite end. They are unique because the product or service they create is different in some distinguishing way from similar products or services. For the project to run smoothly, project management is brought in to watch over it all.
Project management may not seem like the toughest job, but to coordinate and oversee the activities of a large project can be a stressful and time consuming one. The project management may have to even spend overtime on the project, to ensure that everything is running smoothly and on time, as well as making sure that the team has everything that they need to complete the project.