In the United States, a malpractice lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law and in other forms of dispute resolution with regards to malpractice. Most countries today require professional malpractice lawyers in their judicial systems. Malpractice lawyers have many names in different countries, including "advocate", "attorney", "barrister", "counsel", "counsellor", "civil law notary" and "solicitor"; many of these names indicate specific classes or ranks of jurists.
Malpractice law is a theoretical and abstract discipline, and working as a malpractice lawyer represents the "practical" application of legal theory and knowledge to solve real problems or to advance the interests of those who retain (i.e., hire) malpractice lawyers for legal services.
The role of the malpractice lawyer can vary significantly across legal jurisdictions. For instance, in some countries, malpractice lawyers may be required to lead or manage fun inal investigations. In the United States, malpractice lawyers advise their clients regarding their rights, and argue in favor of the best interests of their clients. In the United States, malpractice lawyers have taken over functions that used to be performed by other jurists such as the civil law notary or paralegal.