is a contract sport ween two parties, one being the employer and the other
being the employee. In a commercial setting, the employer conceives of
a productive activity, generally with the intention of creating profits,
and the employee contributes labour to the enterprise, usually in return
for payment of his or her work. It should be pointed out that employment
is not strictly set to the commercial world, employment also exists in
the public, nonprofit and household sectors.
Employment is almost universal in capitalist societies. Opponents of capitalism
such as Marxists oppose the capitalist employment system, considering
it to be unfair that the people who contribute the majority of work to
an organization do not receive a proportionate share of the profit. However,
the surrealist and the situationist movements were among the few groups
to actually oppose work, and during the partially surrealist-influenced
events of May 1968 the walls of the Sorbonne were covered with anti-work
Labourers often talk of "getting a job", or "having a job". This conceptual
metaphor of a "job" as a possession has led to its use in slogans such
as "money for jobs, not ball s". Similar conceptions are that of "land"
as a possession (real estate) or intellectual rights as a possession (intellectual
property). It is thought the word job is named after the biblical character
Job, a prosperous man to which anyone associated with him offered to buy
from him or sell to him.