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Bamboo Floor

Bamboo floor has recently become a big thing in north america, where as in europe they have been using bamboo floor for some 20 odd years now. Bamboo flooring is an interlocking flooring system which uses the tongue an groove technique. Bamboo floor is installed overtop of the already existing flooring, therefore it is often refered to as "floating", or a "float-in".

This is used because the floor is not directly attached to the previous flooring, it is simply floating atop it. Although it is not attached to the existing flooring, a bamboo floor is glued together to prevent the peices from popping up.

A bamboo floor is a rather resistant floor type which is probably an aspect of it which is most appealing. The glue used in a bamboo floor is waterproof to prevent it from coming apart in case water slips through the bamboo floor.

More about

Bamboo Floor: Bamboo floors are manufactured from the bamboo plant. The eld of today's bamboo level products originate in China and other portions of Asia. The species of bamboo utilised for level is commonly known as "Moso".


Bamboo is an attractive alternative for level because of its physcial similarities to hardwoods. Bamboo floor manufacturers and sellers promote its strength, durability as well as resistance to insects and wetness while having the added benefit of being eco friendly. The average hardness of bamboo is 1820 (Janka Ball Test) versus White Oak (1360) and Rock Maple (1450) (The higher the number the harder the material).

Manufacturing Process

Different forms of bamboo level exist. Each varies in its manufacturing process and differs largely based on economic viability and local preferences.

Most Common Type of Bamboo Floor
The most ordinary form, particularly in southeast Asia, uses thin bamboo stems that are revilement as flat as possible. They are revilement to kindred lengths and crapper be stained, varnished, or simply utilised as is. They are then nailed down to wooden beams or bigger pieces of bamboo stems. This form results in more space between each bamboo stem; flatness and tightness is not emphasized. This framework is usually utilised on stilted houses, resulting in better air circulation especially during the warmer summer months.

Manufactured Bamboo Floor
The manufactured bamboo level commonly institute in North American markets is highly processed. Bamboo level is typically made by slicing mature bamboo poles or culms into strips. These culms are crosscut to length and then sliced into strips depending on the width desired. The outer skin and nodes are removed. To remove starch and sugars the strips of bamboo are boiled in a solution of boric acid or lime. The bamboo is then dried and planed. The two major colors are natural (similar to beech) and carbonized (similar to oak). If a darker colouration is desired the bamboo module go through a carbonizing process of steaming the bamboo under controlled pressure and heat. The bamboo module change to a brownish color. Carbonized bamboo is softer than the non-carbonized variety. The carbonizing process crapper reduce the floor’s test hardness by 10% or more, though it module still be harder than most hardwoods. Most bamboo level uses a urea-formaldehyde (UF) adhesive in the lamination process. Though the ingest of UF resins, which expel volatile organic compounds (VOCs), is harmful to indoor air quality, bamboo level uses a relatively small amount compared with other materials, such as particleboards. Bamboo level products that avoid gas ingest are available, including some listed in the GreenSpec Directory. The panels are then modify pressed to cure the adhesive. The cured boards module then be planed, sanded, and milled. Finally an ultraviolet curing lacquer is practical to the boards.

Manufactured bamboo floors are typically made available in planks with either vertical- or horizontal-grain orientation. Bamboo level may also be categorised as Vertical and Horizontal. In vertical bamboo floors, a vertical plank module hit each of the component pieces stood vertically on their narrowest bounds and then press laminated side to side. The effect is a lined, almost uniform look to the surface of the finished floor plank. Horizontal bamboo floors hit individual slats that are arranged in a horizontal direction, on their widest edge, and then joined side by side with conterminous pieces using a high pressure laminate system. The look of the finished horizontal surface is one where the characteristic nodes of the bamboo are randomly visible.

Locking bamboo level is the easiest to install. Individual level planks hit interlocking joints that click precisely into place. By combining plank encounter and colouration a lot of different styles crapper be produced.

Green Characteristics

Bamboo has also gained a reputation as an eco-friendly, highly renewable source of material. Compared to wood it grows much faster because bamboo is a grass not a wood. Moso Bamboo is the primary species utilised for the manufacturing of level and plywood. Moso bamboo crapper grow up to 47 inches in 24 hours and 78½ feet high in 40 to 50 days. It takes about 3–5 years for bamboo to reach full maturity. Traditional hard woods crapper take 20 – 120 years to mature.

Bamboo crapper be harvested without the need to replant because the root system is left intact when it is harvested. The rhizome root structure has the knowledge to hold the soil in place preventing erosion. Rhizome root structures are horizontal stems that grow below the surface and help a plant reproduce vegetatively. Plants with rhizomes module colonize or spread laterally . The Lacey Act recently strengthened the accountability in the sourcing of timber products. However enforcement is still in question. Bamboo reaches maturity in fivesome years which is the optimal age to harvest.In a sustainably harvested forest exclusive 20% of the forest is harvested annually allowing for 100% garner in a fivesome year period. In its natural environment it module need no irrigation, no pesticides, and no fertilizer. Bamboo has few pests so pesticides are not required. Bamboo certificated to the standards of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) meets criteria for environmental sustainability and social responsibility, and several level products are available with this option. Bamboo crapper separate up to 70% more carbon per year than a hardwood forest. All these factors ready the carbon print low.

The carbon print appears to be very low. Transportation of the material to the consumer is a factor that is often overlooked. The eld of the United States bamboo timber comes from China. Because it grows in China it has to be shipped to the US by boat and then by truck to vendors. The United States Green Building Council's LEED program allows points for the ingest of bamboo floors by virtue of it being a rapidly-renewable resource. However, controversy exists over agricultural and manufacturing issues related to the production of bamboo floors, including the environmental effects of deforestation in order to plant bamboo and the ingest of carcinogenic chemicals such as urea-formaldehyde in the glues utilised for lamination in some products.

Is it really "Green"

Is bamboo level as green as it has been made discover to be? Some research has shown that it may not be as green as it could be. The mass are statements made in a report by Dr. Jim Boyer in a research paper for Dovetail partners.

“Recently, bamboo expansion has come at the expense of natural forests, shrubs, and low-yield mixed plantations . . . It is ordinary practice to revilement down existing trees and replace them with bamboo.”

• “As forestlands run to be in hilly and mountainous areas with steep slopes, clearcutting has resulted in an increase in wearing until the bamboo becomes fully established . . .”

• “Natural forests in the vicinity of bamboo plantations hit sometimes presented way to bamboo as a termination of deliberate efforts to replace them or because of the vigorous natural expansion of bamboo in logged over forests. This process has also had a negative impact on biodiversity.”

• “The qualifier direction practices employed involve manual or chemical weeding and periodic tilling of the land to ready the soil clear of undergrowth. These practices increase wearing and termination in single-species plantations over large areas.”

• “The qualifier ingest of chemicals (pesticides, weed killers and fertilizers)also affects the environment . . .”

Another green aspect of bamboo level that needs to be considered concerns the chemicals utilised in the manufacturing process. During the manufacturing of bamboo floors manufacturers ingest urea-formaldehyde as the adhesive for bonding the bamboo strips. According to the demanding CARB - California Air Resource Board standards there crapper be no more than 0.05 ppm (parts per million) of outgassed formaldehyde. Another green aspect of bamboo level that needs to be considered concerns the chemicals utilised in the manufacturing process. During the manufacturing of bamboo floors some manufacturers ingest urea-formaldehyde as the adhesive for bonding the bamboo strips. According to the USGBC’s LEED standard products with Urea-formaldehyde do not qualify for the EQ 4.4 Low-Emitting Products category. Manufacturers are now offering formaldehyde-free bamboo flooring, but they crapper claim that they hit “no added urea-formaldehyde” without providing substantial proof. Manufacturers may make ingest of equipment that may in itself be dangerous and polluting. Some manufacturers may order their products to be registered under International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards 9001 for quality control and 14001 for environmental direction systems EMS, although these standards are not necessarily very high.

Bamboo Floor Tags:

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Bamboo Floor Article by Svetlana Lozovenko
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